Arbitrary light distributions can be obtained by means of freeform optical elements. The beam shaping is caused by reflective or refractive light redistribution and, therefore, can be used with incoherent light sources (e.g. LEDs) as well as with lasers.
The profile of the optical element is decomposed into a huge set of primitive sub-elements (Cartesian Ovals) according to the beam shaping task. The resulting profile consists of a basis structure (deflection / focusing) and a fine structure (generation of intensity distribution). Special automatic design algorithms ensure a continuous element profile without shadowing.
Single point diamond turning together with Fast-Tool-Servo (FTS) can be applied to the simultaneous manufacturing of basis and fine structures. On- or off-axis spherical and aspherical surfaces are used as a basis. The perfect synchronisation of all the machining motions and the proper selection of the cutting regimes ensure an appropriate precision and quality of the resulting elements. Directly turned surfaces may serve as replication tools for moulding and embossing techniques.
High-demanding illumination systems for:
- Sensors and security applications
- Lighting design
Michaelis, D.; Schreiber, P. and Bräuer, A.: “Cartesian oval representation of freeform optics in illumination systems,“ Opt. Lett. 36, 918-920 (2011).